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National Development and Reform Commission(中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会)

(People's Daily Online)

14:31, June 28, 2012

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Introduction

The National Development and Reform Commission, formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy. Since 2008 the Commission has been headed by Zhang Ping.

The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of China's economic system.

The NDRC is a successor to the State Planning Commission (SPC), which had managed China's centrally planned economy since 1952. In 1998, the SPC was renamed as the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC), which then merged with the State Council Office for Restructuring the Economic System (SCORES) and part of the State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) in 2003. Since then the organization further shifted its policy from a planned economy to a socialist market economy. The restructured organization was then merged into a newly created NDRC, which gained greater responsibility and power in overseeing China's economic development.

中华人民共和国国家发展和改革委员会,作为国务院的职能机构,是综合研究拟订经济和社会发展政策,进行总量平衡,指导总体经济体制改革的宏观调控部门。自2008年一来,张平一直担任发改委主任。

 

 

发改委的职能是研究制定经济和社会发展政策,统筹协调经济社会发展,引导中国经济转型。

 

 

国家发改委的前身是国家计划委员会,成立于1952年。中央人民政府委员会决定增设独立于中央人民政府政务院的中央人民政府国家计划委员会,简称国家计委。国家计委成立后,原由政务院财政经济委员会领导的重工业部、第一机械工业部等13部划归其领导。1954年改为国务院组成部门中华人民共和国国家计划委员会。原国家计划委员会于1998年更名为国家发展计划委员会,又于2003年将原国务院体改办和国家经贸委部分职能并入,改组为国家发展和改革委员会,简称国家发改委。国家计委曾长期承担着中国政府对综合经济管理的职能。但是,随着中国由“计划经济体制”向“社会主义市场经济体制”的逐步转变,国家计委的功能不断发生转变。

More Info.
Add.: 38.S.Yuetan Street, Beijing, China 地址:北京市西城区月坛南街38号
Post Code: 100824 邮编:100824
Email: ndrc@ndrc.gov.cn 电子邮箱:ndrc@ndrc.gov.cn
Tel.: 86-10-12358 电话:12358
Official Web: en.ndrc.gov.cn 官网:ndrc.gov.cn

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:张茜、姚春)

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