Latest News:  
Beijing   Sunny    7 / -3   City Forecast

People's Daily Online>>PD Online Database >> Ethnic Odyssey

The Ozbek ethnic minority

(People's Daily)

16:55, August 23, 2011

Population: 14,800

Major area of distribution: Xinjiang

Language: Osbek

Religion: Islam


Photo: Chen Haiwen


The Ozbek ethnic minority, with a population of 14,800, is scattered over wide areas of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Most of them being city dwellers, the Ozbeks live in compact communities in Yining, Tacheng, Kashi, Urumqi, Shache, and Yecheng.

History

The name Ozbek first originated from the Ozbek Khan, one of the local rulers under the Mongol Empire in the 14th century. Himself a Moslem, the Ozbek Khan spread Islam in his Khanate. In the 15th century, a number of Ozbeks moved to the Chuhe River valley, where they were called Kazaks. Those who remained in the area of the Khanate continued to be known as Ozbeks, who later formed the Ozbek alliance.

The ancestors of the Ozbek group moved to China's Xinjiang from Central Asia in ancient times. In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Ozbek merchants often traveled along "the Silk Road" through Xinjiang to do business in inland areas. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Ozbek trading caravans from Buhara and Samar Khan used Yarkant in Xinjiang as an entrepot for business deals in silk, tea, chinaware, fur, rhubarb and other such products. Some Ozbek merchants moved goods to inland areas via Aksu, Turfan and Suzhou (present-day Jiuquan of Ganzu Province). During this period, Ozbeks from Central Asia began to settle in certain cities in Xinjiang, and the number grew with each passing year. Later on Ozbeks also settled in Kashi, Aksu, Yarkant and other cities in southern Xinjiang and a number of places in northern Xinjiang.

【1】 【2】

 
 
 
 
We Recommend
 
 
 

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:刘晓宁)

Leave your comment2 comments

  1. Name

FBMgFrwzjsqOACDH at 2011-10-2795.67.80.*
Good report, please keep going on.
XUvWMFDtQaQ at 2011-09-11200.137.197.*
Now we know who the sesnbile one is here. Great post!
  

Selections for you


  1. China’s navy to conduct drill in West Pacific

  2. The village bookworm of 31 years

  3. Nightlife in China's cities

  4. Sichuan police hold tactical contest

Most Popular

What's happening in China

Tainted dumplings discovered

  1. 195 homegrown C919 jets have been ordered
  2. Diplomatic micro blog seeks 'Wei-plomacy'
  3. Draft regulation allows bacteria in frozen food
  4. Wind rips open Beijing's terminal roof
  5. First-tier cities fail to satisfy residents

PD Online Data

  1. The lion dance in Guangzhou
  2. The flower fair in Guangzhou
  3. Lion dances pay New Year calls in Guilin
  4. Jiangsu´s special New Year traditions
  5. Hakka traditions in Spring Festival