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People's Daily Online>>Special Coverage >> China Studies >> Cooperation >> China and World

China Is Willing to and Able to Contain Global Warming

(People's Daily Online)

15:09, July 29, 2011

China, the largest coal consumer and sulfur dioxide emitter as well as the second largest energy consumer and carbon dioxide emitter, is also one of the countries suffering most from severe climate changes. It is China's unavoidable duty to take part in international response toward climate changes. Judging from an economic perspective, China is willing to and able to do its shares to slow down and curb global warming to the extent that the target as set in Kyoto Protocol for developing countries to reduce emission by 20% before 2050 can be realized on China's part. China is also willing and able to commit a higher proportion of its GDP into this great cause. Such a judgment is made on the basis of the following analysis.

China Is Willing to Take More Positive Attitude and Actions

As the report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of United Nations goes, "global warming has shrank the area of Himalayan glaciers" and "the increasingly rising temperature will eventually result in a northward movement of China's temperate zone and expansion of arid area therewith. Cities like Shanghai will have to face more frequent and serious hits of heat waves, which will cause enormous discomfort for its rapid growing population. It is further pointed out in a UNDP report that at the present pace of global warming, two thirds of glaciers within China's territory will disappear by 2060 and totally melt down by 2100. As water resources in glacier water bank gradually come to exhaustion, the water flow will decrease, which will affect seven major river systems in Asia, including the Yarlung Zangbo River, the Ganges River, the Salween River, the Yellow River, the Indus River, the Mekong River and the Yangtze River. Due to a relatively small amount of precipitation over China in general, its arid and semi-arid regions covering around half of its land area will be severely affected (see Table 1). According to reports by UNDP, North China has become one of the regions facing the most serious water shortage in the world. About half of China's 128 million impoverished rural people are living in this region, which includes 40% of the country's farmland and contributes one third to its GDP. The entire ecosystem in West China is also under threat. As is pointed out in China's National Climate Change Program, area of glaciers in Northwest China is 21% less and frozen soil in Tibet at most is 4 to 5 meters less thick than 50 years ago. East China, represented by the typical coastal city Shanghai, is especially vulnerable to climate calamities. Taking Shanghai as the example, it is located at the estuary of Yangtze River, and merely 4 meters above the sea level. Since the sea level has been rising, this coastal city has been in endangered name list, facing with more and more storm surges.

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Leave your comment5 comments

  1. Name

yYzdybOAiyiS at 2011-08-24202.96.27.*
I am forever idebnted to you for this information.
cfNAcXsvYFZkNmIsxIv at 2011-08-23206.210.225.*
Umm, are you really just giving this info out for nhoting?
kiAelZwmyP at 2011-08-2391.102.115.*
That's not even 10 mtineus well spent!
aBBhPvQW at 2011-08-2350.18.19.*
If my problem was a Death Star, this article is a photon toprdeo.
FHsfPhXLtmjl at 2011-08-2391.201.211.*
Big help, big help. And supelratvie news of course.

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